Africa hunger should be a shame to all
The Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) on October 16 each year celebrates World Food Day to commemorate the day it was founded in 1945. And according to FAO, various events from marathons and hunger marches, to exhibitions, cultural performances, contests and concerts – are organised in around 130 countries across the world to celebrate this day, which makes it among the most celebrated days in the UN calendar.
Goal two of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) developed in 2016 strives for “Zero Hunger” by the year 2030. Regretfully, hunger and malnutrition remain large barriers of development in many regions, including Africa.
Hunger has several causes, and these are always mutually inclusive. Basically, the main causes of hunger include conflict, poverty, lack of investment in agriculture, weather and climate and unstable markets.
In Africa and elsewhere poverty is the main cause of hunger. Often people living in poverty are unable to afford sufficient quantity and quality of food to enable them live healthy lives. And poverty often is a cycle!
There are many areas in Africa that suffers from incessant conflicts, like some parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Violence and conflicts may have both direct and indirect impacts on all levels of food system. This leads to food security and hunger.
Environmental challenges like drought and water shortages, deforestation, desertification, and soil erosion may have detrimental impact on food security. According to statistics, 2017, 23 countries experienced food crises due to climate and weather conditions. Two-thirds of these countries were in Africa, affecting approximately 32 million people.
At Virunga Community Programs we have initiated different initiatives that seek to mitigate food security in the Virunga massif. We believe that the world has enough for everyone, and human beings should just act prudently to ensure that all of us share that nature has to provide. The Virunga range has been a source of conflict, particularly in the Eastern DRC as a result of human thirst for natural resources.
As we continue to come up with innovative programs that will address poverty and conservation challenges in the Virunga massif, it is our hope that every one of us behaves responsibly so that we can all together address challenges of food security and hunger